Swine Situation Report 4th Quarter 2019

Reference Number: 

202004-0800-19

Release Date: 

Monday, April 27, 2020

SWINE PRODUCTION IN EASTERN VISAYAS INCHES UP BY 0.6 PERCENT

The swine production in Eastern Visayas inched up by 0.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2019. Its production managed to increase slightly to 22,812 Metric Tons (MT) in the 4th quarter of 2019 from 22,687 MT in the 4th quarter of 2018.

Eastern Visayas ranked tenth among the regions with high swine production in the country. It contributed 3.8 percent only to the country’s total swine production (Table 1).

SWINE POPULATION DECLINES BY 5.7 PERCENT

The swine population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 January 2020 stood at 266,320 heads. This figure was lower by 5.7 percent compared with the 282,420 heads as of 1 January 2019.

All provinces contributed to the decrease in the region’s swine population except for Biliran and Leyte, which posted increases by 4.5 percent and 0.6 percent, respectively.

Leyte recorded the bulk of swine population with 132,500 heads in the 4th quarter of 2019. This figure accounted for 49.8 percent of the total swine population in the region. Northern Samar ranked second with 47,681 heads. It shared 17.9 percent of the region’s total swine inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of swine with 3.8 percent share or 10,207 heads (Figure 2).

As of 1 January 2020, 95.3 percent of the swine population were raised in backyard farms. Its inventory went down by 6.8 percent, from 269,264 heads as of 1 January 2019 to 250,954 heads as of 1 January 2020. Except for Leyte, all provinces registered decreases. Eastern Samar recorded the largest drop by 49.0 percent, from 18,618 heads as of 1 January 2019 to 9,499 heads as of 1 January 2020. Southern Leyte followed, it declined by 11.4 percent, from 28,762 heads in 1 January 2019 to 25,474 heads in 1 January 2020. On the other hand, Leyte posted a slight increase by 0.5 percent with 129,050 heads as of 1 January 2020.
 
Swine population raised in commercial farms comprised 4.7 percent only to the total swine inventory in the region. It posted a hefty increase of 16.9 percent, from 13,146 heads as of 1 January 2019 to 15,366 heads as of 1 January 2020. Biliran’s commercial swine population almost doubled, from 645 heads as of 1 January 2019 to 1,252 heads as of 1 January 2020. Southern Leyte and Northern Samar also increased by 27.1 percent and 21.2 percent, respectively. On the other hand, population for commercially raised swine in Samar slightly decreased by 1.1 percent from 2,286 heads as of 1 January 2019 to 2,260 heads as of 1 January 2020 (Table 2).
 
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICES OF HOGS UPGRADED FOR SLAUGHTER AND BREEDING DROP DURING THE 4th QUARTER OF 2019
 
The average farmgate price of hogs upgraded for slaughter was posted at Php 112.30 per kilogram during the fourth quarter of 2019. This was lower by 7.0 percent compared with the Php 120.76 per kilogram average price in the same quarter of 2018 (Table 4). Similarly, the average farmgate price of hogs upgraded for breeding decreased by 3.1 percent, from Php 226.73 per kilogram average price in the 4th quarter of 2018 to Php 219.73 per kilogram average price in the same quarter of 2019 (Table 3).
 
In the fourth quarter of 2019, the highest average farmgate prices of hogs upgraded for slaughter and hogs upgraded for breeding were both recorded in October at Php 118.06 and Php 230.54, respectively. 
 
 
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director

 

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