SWINE AND CHICKEN SITUATION REPORT IN LEYTE October 2018

Reference Number: 

19SR0837-47

Release Date: 

Friday, March 15, 2019

 

 

SWINE AND CHICKEN SITUATION REPORT IN LEYTE October 2018

 

Swine inventory slightly down by 0.73 percent

As of October 1, 2018, the total swine inventory of Leyte was estimated at 162,830 heads. This was 0.62 percent lower than the previous year’s inventory of 164,025 heads (Table 1). Leyte’s total stock of swine was accounted for more than half or 50.39 percent of the Region VIII total swine inventory of 323,170 heads.

Of the total swine inventory of 162,830 heads in October 2018, about 98 percent or 159,350 heads were raised in the backyard farms, while only 2 percent or 3,480 heads were tended in the commercial farms (Figure 1).

Chicken inventory reduces by 3.06 percent

The total inventory of chicken in Leyte as of October 1, 2018 reached 1,695,155 birds, lower by 2.97 percent than the 1,747,036 heads recorded in the same period of 2017 (Table 2). All chicken type recorded decreases in inventory with chicken layer posting the biggest decrease by 5.09 percent. Broiler and native chicken both recorded 2.76 percent decrease in inventory.

As to the type of chicken, the broiler chicken had the highest percentage share of the total chicken inventory with 50.17 percent (852,400 heads) followed by native chicken with 41.01 percent (695,255 heads). Layer chicken only had a portion of 8.70 percent (147,500 heads) in the total inventory (Figure 3).

Dressed chicken and slaughtered swine increase steadily

The total number of chicken dressed in the accredited poultry dressing plants in the 1st semester of 2018 was recorded at 14,239,749 birds. This is 26.1 percent higher than the 11,291,271 birds dressed in the same period of 2017.

Similarly, the number of swine slaughtered in the abattoirs, including LGU-supervised slaughter facilities, also increased in the reference period. The 106,772 heads slaughtered in the 1st semester of 2018 exceeded the 93,071 heads slaughtered in the 2nd semester of 2017 by 12.83 percent, or equivalent to 13,701 heads.

TECHNICAL NOTES

Data for this special release were taken from the two (2) major surveys, namely: a) The Backyard Livestock and Poultry Survey (BLPS) which is conducted quarterly and b) The Commercial Livestock and Poultry Survey (CLPS), both conducted quarterly by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).

Another source that supplements the data requirements of the Livestock and Poultry sector is the Compilation of Data Slaughterhouses and Poultry Dressing Plants (CDSPDP). This is done monthly and utilizes administrative data from Locally Registered Meat Establishments (LRMEs) in the province which is in coordination with the Provincial Veterinary Office (PVO) and Meat Inspectors (MIs) of the Local Government Unit (LGU).

 

The following terminologies are used in the special release:

Backyard Farm- refers to a farm or household raising at least one head of animal and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
 
Commercial Farm - refers to a farm which operation satisfies at least one of the following conditions: a) at least 21 head of adults and zero young b) at least 41 head of young animals c) at least 10 head of adults and 22 head of young animals.
 
Swine - another term for pig or hog raised for meat purposes.
 
Broiler - refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for meat purposes.
 
Layer - refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for egg production.
 
Native - a common backyard chicken that is a mixture of different breeds.
 
Abattoirs - are facilities that are approved and registered by a controlling authority in which food animals/birds are slaughtered and dressed for human consumption.