FISHERY PRODUCTION IN LEYTE DROPS BY 9.43 PERCENT IN THE
4TH QUARTER OF 2018
Leyte’s total volume of fishery production from October to December 2018 registered at around 9,585 metric tons. The figures are based on Fisheries Production Survey (FPS) conducted every quarter. This production was 9.43 percent lower than its level a year ago of 10,583 metric tons. The decline was drawn from the decrease on municipal and aquaculture sub-sectors, 23.68 percent and 5.49 percent decrease respectively. Only the commercial fishery sub-sector posted a positive growth of 74.66 percent or an increase of 79.32 metric tons from 106.24 metric tons production in the fourth quarter of 2017.
Leyte’s comercial fishery production in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 74.66 percent, from 106.24 MT in 2017 to 185.56 MT for the same quarter last year. Commercial fisheries contributed 1.94 percent to the total fish production in the fourth quarter of 2018. Compared with the last quarter of 2017, major species that showed improvements in the fourth quarter of 2018 were Frigate L Sub-sector Production (MT) Percent Change 4th Quarter 2017 4th Quarter 2018 TOTAL FISHERIES 10,583.09 9,585.13 -9.43% COMMERCIAL 106.24 185.56 74.66% MUNICIPAL 2,758.96 2,105.77 -23.68% Marine 2,758.13 2,104.61 -23.69% Inland 0.83 1.16 39.76% AQUACULTURE 7,717.89 7,293.80 -5.49% FISHERY PRODUCTION IN LEYTE DROPS BY 9.43 PERCENT IN THE 4TH QUARTER OF 2018 Table 1. Production by Sector, 4 th Quarter, 2017 and 2018 106.24 185.56 2017 2018 COMMERCIAL FISHERIES, 4TH QTR 2017 - 2018 Figure 1. Commercial Production 4 th Quarter, 2017 and 2018 tuna (22.91%), Indian Sardines (15.79%) and Roundscad (89.48%). Species that showed a decline in production in the fourth quarter of 2018 were Big-eyed-scad (-50.74%) Indo-pacific mackerel (-11.05%) and Others (-28.77%).
Fourth quarter fish production from municipal fisheries was recorded at 2,105 metric tons in 2018, this production is 23.68 percent lower than the production in the same quarter of 2017 that posted a 2,758 metric tons of fish produced. The subsector was composed of 99.94 percent marine municipal fisheries while the rest came from inland fisheries. Municipal fisheries contributed 21.97 percent to the total fish production in Leyte in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Municipal Fisheries (Marine)
Production from municipal fisheries was estimated at 2,104 metric tons during the fourth quarter of 2018. A plunge of 23.69 percent from the previous year’s production of 2,758.13 metric tons. The decline was caused by the decrease in catch of Parrot Fish (-95.81), Frigate tuna (-88.48%), Anchovis (-84.90%), Hairtail (- 75.21%), Goatfish (-67.54), Siganid (- 67.14%), Others (-64.77%), Grouper (- 57.82%), Indian Sardines (-31.06%), Snapper (-7.74%), Spanish Mackerel (-6.01%) and Indo Pacific Mackerel (-0.78%). Of the 31 predominant species in the country the Blue Crab (Alimasag) posted the highest increase compared to the same quarter of 2017 with only 2.65 metric tons, to 135.34 metric tons in 2018. Indian mackerel (Alumahan) was also caught in abundance during the period, 62.94 metric tons in 2018 and only 2.75 metric tons in 2017.
Municipal Fisheries (Inland)
The fourth quarter 2018 fish production from inland waters in Leyte exhibited a 39.76 percent increase in level from 0.83 MT in 2017 to 1.16 MT in 2018. The increase in production was attributed to the increase in the catch of Tilapia during the reference quarter from 0.48 metric tons in 2017 to 0.58 metric tons in 2018 Among the species in Inland fishing in the last quarter of 2018, Tilapia was caught more often and contributed to 50.00 percent, Freshwater Shrimp at 24.14 percent, Other Fishes at 12.07 percent, Mudfish at 8.62 percent and Eel at 5.17 percent.
The aquaculture fishing sub-sector in Leyte for the fourth quaarter of 2018 registered a decrease of 5.49 percent from 7,717 metric tons in 2017 to 7,293 metric tons in 2018. Seaweeds production contributed to 99.88 percent of the total production in the aquaculture sub-sector. 4.18 metric tons of Milkfish were harvested from brackish fishponds and is 0.06 percent of the total aquaculture production, 3.07 metric tons of Tilapia from freshwater cages were harvested and contributed to 0.04 percent of the aquaculture production during the quarter, 600 kilos of Catfish were harvested from freshwater fishponds and is 0.008 percent of the production, 350 kilos of Tiger Prawns and 150 kilos of Mudcrabs from brackishwater fishponds were harvested and added to 0.005 percent and 0.002 percent respectively to the total aquaculture production in the last quarter of 2018.
This Fisheries Situation Report presents the fishing industry in terms of volume of production by subsector. The report was prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s various clients and stakeholders in the fishing sector. It is published quarterly within 10 days after the release of data.
Concepts and Definitions
Volume of Production - is the quantity of fish unloaded in the landing center, caught in inland bodies of water and/or harvested/produced from aquafarms; presented in metric tons.
Aquaculture - is a fishery operation involving all forms of raising and culturing of fish and other fishery species in fresh, brackish and marine water areas. The operation is comprised of activities from stocking to harvesting of species under controlled conditions in farming facility called aquafarm.
Commercial Fishing - is the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three (3) gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.
Inland Municipal Fishing - refers to the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland waters like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gears and fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of less than or equal to three (3) gross tons; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Marine Municipal Fishing - is fishing within municipal marine waters using fishing vessels of three (3) gross tons or less, or fishing not requiring the use of fishing vessels.
MT – Metric tons
Others – Species of fish other than the 31 predominant species in the Philippines
SHERYL ANN A. JAMISOLA
Chief Statistical Specialist