SWINE PRODUCTION IN EASTERN VISAYAS INCREASES BY 7.6 PERCENT IN THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2020
The swine production in Eastern Visayas increased by 7.6 percent from 22,812 Metric Tons (MT) in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 24,537 MT in the same quarter of 2020.
Eastern Visayas ranked eight among the regions with low swine production in the country. It accounted for 4.8 percent of the country’s total swine production.
SWINE POPULATION DECLINES BY 4.4 PERCENT
The swine population in Eastern Visayas as of 01 January 2021 stood at 254,706 heads. This figure was lower by 4.4 percent compared with the 266,320 heads as of 01 January 2020.
All provinces contributed to the decrease in the region’s swine population except for Samar, which posted an increase of 1.7 percent.
Meanwhile, Leyte recorded the highest swine population at 122,472 heads, which accounted for 48.1 percent of the total swine population in the region. Northern Samar ranked second with 46,876 heads accounting for 18.4 percent of the region’s total swine inventory. Eastern Samar, on the contrary, registered the lowest inventory of swine with 3.8 percent share or 9,733 heads.
By farm type, swine population raised in backyard farms posted a decrease by 4.5 percent, from 250,954 heads as of 01 January 2020 to 239,725 heads as of 01 January 2021 (Table 2). Leyte’s swine population raised in backyard farms exhibited the biggest decrease of 7.5 percent, from 129,050 heads as of 01 January 2020 to 119,362 heads as of 01 January 2021. Eastern Samar, Southern Leyte and Biliran also decreased by 5.0 percent, 4.3 percent, and 1.3 percent, respectively. On the contrary, Samar and Northern Samar’s swine population raised in backyard farms slightly increased by 0.2 percent from 33,200 heads on 01 January 2020 to 33,268 heads on 01 January 2021 and 41,931 heads on 01 January 2020 to 42,033 heads on 01 January 2021, respectively.
Swine population raised in commercial farms went down by 2.5 percent from 15,366 heads as of 01 January 2020 to 14,981 heads as of 01 January 2021 (Table 2). Among the provinces, Northern Samar registered the biggest decrease in number of swine raised in commercial farms by 15.8 percent from 5,750 heads on 01 January 2020 to 4,843 heads on 01 January 2021. Biliran came next which registered a decrease by 13.7 percent from 1,252 heads on 01 January 2020 to 1,081 heads on 01 January 2021. Leyte registered the smallest decrease by 9.9 percent from 3,450 heads on 01 January 2020 to 3,110 heads on 01 January 2021. On the other hand, Southern Leyte recorded the highest increase in swine population raised in commercial farms by 25.8 percent from 1,946 heads as of 01 January 2020 to 2,448 heads as of 01 January 2021. Samar came second which registered an increase by 23.4 percent from 2,260 heads as of 01 January 2020 to 2,788 heads as of 01 January 2021. Eastern Samar registered the smallest increase of 0.4 percent from 708 heads in 01 January 2020 to 711 heads as of 01 January 2021.
Majority, or 94.1 percent of the swine population in the region as of 01 January 2021 were raised in backyard farms, while only 5.9 percent of the swine were reared in commercial farms.
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICES OF HOGS UPGRADED FOR SLAUGHTER AND BREEDING POSTS DECREASE DURING THE 4th QUARTER OF 2020
The average farmgate price of hogs upgraded for slaughter during the 4th quarter of 2020 was posted at PhP 112.32 per kilogram, liveweight (Table 4). This was 0.5 percent lower than the average liveweight price of PhP 112.93 per kilogram in the same quarter of 2019. Likewise, the average liveweight farmgate price of hogs upgraded for breeding decreased by 14.1 percent during the 4th quarter of 2021, which was noted at PhP 188.82 per kilogram.
The highest average farmgate price for hogs upgraded for slaughter was in November, recorded at PhP 113.69 while the highest average farmgate price for hogs upgraded for breeding was in October, recorded at PhP 214.07 per kilogram.