The swine production in Eastern Visayas increased by 2.0 percent from 18,501 Metric Tons (MT) in the 3rd quarter of 2018 to 18,867 MT in the same quarter of 2019.
Eastern Visayas ranked seventh among the regions with low swine production in the country. It accounted for 3.4 percent only of the country’s total swine production (Table 1).
SWINE POPULATION DECLINES BY 6.5 PERCENT
The swine population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 October 2019 stood at 302,044 heads. This figure was lower by 6.5 percent compared with the 323,170 heads as of 1 October 2018.
All provinces contributed to the decrease in the region’s swine population except for Biliran, which posted an increase by 12.0 percent.
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest swine population at 155,071 heads, which accounted for 51.3 percent of the total swine population in the region. Northern Samar ranked second with 46,076 heads accounting for 15.3 percent of the region’s total swine inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of swine with 4.3 percent share or 13,121 heads (Figure 2).
By farm type, swine population raised in commercial farms posted the highest increase by 16.0 percent, from 12,195 heads as of 1 October 2018 to 14,141 heads as of 1 October 2019. Biliran’s commercial swine population more than doubled, from 535 heads as of 1 October 2018 to 1,130 heads as of 1 October 2019. Northern Samar and Southern Leyte also increased by 39.4 percent and 10.9 percent, respectively. Eastern Samar’s commercial swine population downsized by 7.1 percent from 506 heads as of 1 October 2018 to 470 heads as of 1 October 2019 (Table 2).
On the contrary, swine population raised in backyard farms went down by 7.4 percent, from 310,975 heads as of 1 October 2018 to 287,903 heads as of 1 October 2019. All provinces registered decreases except Biliran, which posted an increase of 7.4 percent. Eastern Samar recorded the highest decrease by 34.8 percent, from 19,400 heads as of 1 October 2018 to 12,651 heads as of 1 October 2019.
Majority (95.3 percent) of the swine population were raised in backyard farms while only 4.7 percent of the swine were reared in commercial farms.
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICES OF HOGS UPGRADED FOR SLAUGHTER AND BREEDING POSTS DECREASE DURING THE 3rd QUARTER OF 2019
The average farmgate price of hogs upgraded for slaughter during the 3rd quarter of 2019 was posted at Php 108.20 per kilogram. This was lower by 10.9 percent from Php 121.38 per kilogram average price in the same quarter of 2018 (Table 4). Similarly, the average farmgate price of hogs upgraded for breeding decreased by 6.8 percent from the Php 224.45 per kilogram average price for the 3rd quarter of 2018 to Php 209.22 per kilogram average price in the same quarter of 2019 (Table 3).
The highest average farmgate price for hogs upgraded for slaughter during the 3rd quarter of 2019 was recorded in August at Php 116.65 while the highest average farmgate price for hogs upgraded for breeding was in September, recorded at Php 240.64 per kilogram.