The swine production in Eastern Visayas declined by 7.3 percent from 18,468 metric tons (MT) in the 1st quarter of 2018 to 17,119 MT in the same quarter of 2019.
Eastern Visayas ranked fourth among the regions with low swine production in the country. It accounted for 3.02 percent of the country’s total swine production.
The swine population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 April 2019 stood at 286,796 heads. This figure was lower by 9.6 percent compared with the 317,297 heads as of 1 April 2018.
All provinces contributed to the decrease in the region’s swine population except for Biliran, which posted a slight increase of 0.9 percent.
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest swine population at 144,213 heads, which accounted for 50.3 percent of the total swine population in the region. Northern Samar ranked second with 47,029 heads accounting for 16.4 percent of the region’s total swine inventory. Biliran, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of swine with 4.5 percent share or 12,859 heads.
By farm type, swine population raised in commercial farms posted the highest increase by 9.3 percent, from 12,396 heads as of 1 April 2018 to 13,555 heads as of 1 April 2019. Samar’s commercial swine population exhibited an increase of 201.9 percent, from 700 heads as of 1 April 2018 to 2,113 heads as of 1 April 2019. Southern Leyte, Leyte and Biliran also increased by 12.2 percent, 7.2 percent and 6.5 percent, respectively. Eastern Samar’s commercial swine population downsized by 33 percent from 836 heads as of 1 April 2018 to 560 heads as of 1 April 2019.
On the contrary, swine population raised in backyard farms went down by 10.4 percent, from 304,901 heads as of 1 April 2018 to 273,241 heads as of 1 April 2019. All provinces registered decreases except Biliran, which posted an increase of 0.7 percent. Leyte recorded the highest decrease in swine population by 14.8 percent, from 164,300 heads as of 1 April 2018 to 140,063 heads as of 1 April 2019.
Majority (95.3 percent) of the swine population were raised in backyard farms while only 4.7 percent of the swine were reared in commercial farms.
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