Poverty situation in Eastern Visayas (Full Year 2018)

Reference Number: 

SR-202001-0800-07

Release Date: 

Friday, January 31, 2020

Poverty incidence among families in Eastern Visayas in 2018 significantly improved to 24.0 percent from 32.9 percent in 2015. This implies that in 2018, around 1 in  every 4 families in the region is poor or has income below the poverty threshold, which is the amount required to meet basic food and non-food needs.

In 2018, poverty incidence among families in Eastern Samar was estimated at 40.9 percent; Northern Samar at 27.4 percent; Samar at 22.1 percent; Leyte (including Tacloban City) at 21.9 percent; Southern Leyte at 17.2 percent; and Biliran at 13.8 percent.

Significant improvements in poverty incidence among families between 2015 and 2018 were noted in Northern Samar, Samar, and Southern Leyte. Northern Samar recorded the biggest decline in its poverty incidence among families to 27.4 percent in 2018 from 51.5 percent in 2015. Poverty incidence among families in Samar dropped to 22.1 percent in 2018 from 41.8 percent in 2015. The province of Southern Leyte, meanwhile, registered 17.2 percent poverty incidence among families in 2018, lower than the 32.7 percent in 2015.

Given the new master sample, PSA was able to generate reliable statistics down to the provincial level as well as for highly urbanized cities (HUCs). Poverty incidence among families for Leyte (excluding Tacloban City) was estimated at 23.8 percent in 2018, while poverty incidence among families for Tacloban City was recorded at 6.0 percent (Table 1).

Nearly 31 out of 100 individuals in Eastern Visayas are poor

Poverty incidence among population in Eastern Visayas in 2018 significantly reduced to 30.9 percent from 41.2 percent in 2015. This implies that in 2018, about 31 in every 100 individuals in the region belong to poor population whose incomes are below the poverty threshold or the amount needed to buy their basic food and non-food needs.

In 2018, poverty incidence among population in Eastern Samar was estimated at 49.5 percent; Northern Samar at 34.0 percent; Samar at 29.0 percent; Leyte at 28.6 percent; Southern Leyte at 23.6 percent; and Biliran at 19.7 percent.

Significant improvements in poverty incidence among population between 2015 and 2018 were observed in Northern Samar, Samar, Southern Leyte and Leyte (including Tacloban City). Northern Samar recorded the biggest decline in its poverty incidence among population to 34.0 percent in 2018 from 59.9 percent in 2015. Poverty incidence among families in Samar dropped to 29.0 percent in 2018 from 49.2 percent in 2015. Southern Leyte registered 23.6 percent poverty incidence among population in 2018, lower than the 40.9 percent in 2015. Poverty incidence among population in Leyte (including Tacloban City), meanwhile, decreased to 28.6 percent in 2018 from 32.7 percent in 2015 (Table 2).

Poverty incidence among population for Leyte (excluding Tacloban City) was estimated at 31.4 percent in 2018, while poverty incidence among population for Tacloban City was recorded at 9.0 percent (Table 2).

Subsistence Incidence among Families

The subsistence incidence among families in Eastern Visayas was estimated at 7.0 percent in 2018, a significant reduction from the 14.0 percent subsistence incidence recorded in 2015. This means that in 2018, about 7 out of every 100 families in the region have incomes below the food threshold or the minimum amount needed to buy their basic food needs and satisfy the nutritional requirements set by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) to ensure that one remains economically and socially productive (Table 3).

In 2018, subsistence incidence among families in Biliran was estimated at 2.2 percent; Eastern Samar at 16.4 percent; Leyte (including Tacloban City) at 5.8 percent; Northern Samar at 7.2 percent; Southern Leyte at 3.8 percent; and Samar at 6.6 percent.

Subsistence incidence among families for Leyte (excluding Tacloban City) was estimated at 6.4 percent in 2018, while subsistence incidence among families for Tacloban City was recorded at 1.1 percent (Table 3).

Subsistence Incidence among Population

Subsistence incidence among population in the region was estimated at 10.0 percent in 2018, significantly lower compared with the 19.3 percent level of subsistence incidence among population in 2015. This translates that in 2018, about 10 out of every 100 individuals in the region have incomes below the food threshold or the minimum amount needed to buy their basic food needs.

In 2018, subsistence incidence among population in Biliran was estimated at 3.5 percent; Eastern Samar at 22.0 percent; Leyte (including Tacloban City) at 8.6 percent; Northern Samar at 10.6 percent; Southern Leyte at 6.0 percent; and Samar at 9.5 percent.

Subsistence incidence among population in Leyte (excluding Tacloban City) was recorded at 9.6 percent in 2018, while subsistence incidence among population in Tacloban City was estimated at 1.7 percent (Table 4).

Food and Poverty Thresholds

In 2018, a family of five in Eastern Visayas needed at least PhP 7,344, on the average every month, to meet the family’s basic food needs. This amount represents the average monthly food threshold for a family of five, which is 11.6 percent higher compared with its 2015 level of PhP 6,581.

In 2018, the average monthly food threshold for a family of five in Eastern Samar was estimated at PhP 8,458; Northern Samar at PhP 7,534; Southern Leyte at PhP 7,488; Biliran at PhP 7,028; Leyte at PhP 6,853; and Samar at PhP 6,721 (Figure 3).

Increases in food threshold between 2015 and 2018 were observed in all provinces. Eastern Samar posted the biggest increase in food threshold at 14.6 percent.

Meanwhile, average monthly food threshold for a family of five in Tacloban City was estimated at PhP 7,100 in 2018 (Table 5).

The average monthly poverty threshold for a family of five in Eastern Visayas in 2018 was estimated at PhP 10,408, an increase of 11.7 percent from its 2015 level of PhP 9,321. This represents the amount needed every month to meet the family’s basic food and non-food needs.

In 2018, the average monthly poverty threshold for a family of five in Eastern Samar was estimated at PhP 12,112; Northern Samar at PhP 10,812; Southern Leyte at PhP 10,716; Biliran at PhP 10,090; Leyte at PhP 9,826; and Samar at PhP 9,638.

Increases in poverty threshold between 2015 and 2018 were likewise observed in all provinces. Eastern Samar also posted the biggest increase in poverty threshold at 14.6 percent.

Meanwhile, average monthly poverty threshold for a family of five in Tacloban City was estimated at PhP10,167 in 2018 (Table 5).

Clustering of Provinces based on Poverty Incidence

All provinces in the country were clustered from 1 to 5 using poverty incidence among families as the clustering variable. Cluster 1 comprises the bottom poor provinces and cluster 5 comprises the least poor provinces.
 
In 2018, three (3) provinces moved one (1) cluster higher from 2015, namely Northern Samar, Southern Leyte and Samar. The rest of the provinces maintained their 2015 cluster categories.
 
Only the Province of Biliran belonged to cluster 4 in 2018. Three (3) provinces: Leyte, Southern Leyte, and Samar, belonged to cluster 3. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar
and Northern Samar were classified in cluster 2 (Table 6).
 
 
 
 
 
 
Definition of Terms
 
Food Threshold - the minimum income/expenditure required for a family/individual to meet the basic food needs, which satisfies the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.
 
Poverty Incidence - the proportion of families/individuals with per capita income/expenditure less than the per capita poverty threshold to the total number of families/individuals.
 
Poverty Threshold - the minimum income/expenditure required for a family/individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements.
 
Notes: Basic food requirements are currently based on 100% adequacy for the Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intake (RENI) for protein and energy equivalent to an average of 2000 kilocalories per capita, and 80% adequacy for other nutrients. On the other hand, basic non-food requirements, indirectly estimated by obtaining the ratio of food to total basic expenditures from a reference group of families, cover expenditure on: 1) clothing and footwear; 2) housing; 3) fuel, light, water; 4) maintenance and minor repairs; 5) rental of occupied dwelling units; 6) medical care; 7) education; 8) transportation and communication; 9) non-durable furnishings; 10) household operations; and 11) personal care and effects.
 
Subsistence Incidence - the proportion of families/individuals with per capita income/expenditure less than the per capita food threshold to the total number of families/individuals.
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director

 

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