Palay production inches up by 1.4 percent in the fourth quarter of 2020

Reference Number: 

202104-0800-11

Release Date: 

Tuesday, April 6, 2021

Palay production in Eastern Visayas slightly increased by 1.4 percent, from 268,382 metric tons (MT) in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 272,182 MT in the same quarter of 2020. This is attributed to the minimal or 0.1 percent change in the total area harvested for palay from 72,797 hectares (Ha) in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 72,892 Ha in the same quarter of 2020.  Likewise, the minimal increase in the production was due to the increase in the production in Samar by 3.2 percent during the reference period.

Consequently, there was a slight increase of 1.3 percent in the yield per hectare for palay in the region. It rose to 3.73 metric tons per hectare (MT/Ha) in the 4th quarter of 2020 from 3.69 MT/Ha in the 4th quarter of 2019 (Table 3).

LEYTE SHARES MORE THAN HALF OF THE TOTAL PALAY PRODUCTION 

The Province of Leyte contributed the biggest share in palay production in Eastern Visayas at 148,509 MT during the 4th quarter of 2020 (Table 1). It comprised more than half or 54.6 percent of the total palay production in the region.  Samar came next with 54,859 MT production, accounting for 20.2 percent of the region’s total palay production.  Southern Leyte followed with 26,742 MT production contributing 9.8 percent share to the total production. Biliran and Eastern Samar shared 6.5 percent (17,746 MT) and 6.0 percent (16,315 MT), respectively. Meanwhile, Northern Samar had the least contribution at 2.9 percent (8,012 MT) of the total palay production in the region.

SOUTHERN LEYTE POSTS BIGGEST DROP IN AREA HARVESTED FOR PALAY

All provinces except Samar registered decreases in area harvested for palay.  Southern Leyte posted the biggest drop by 2.4 percent from 6,674 Ha in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 6,512 Ha in the same quarter in 2020. While area harvested for palay in Eastern Samar, Biliran, Leyte and Northern Samar declined by 1.6 percent, 1.5 percent, 0.6 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively.

On the other hand, the total area harvested for palay in Samar rose to 19,172 Ha in the 4th quarter of 2020 from 18,574 Ha registered in the same quarter of 2019, an increase by 3.2 percent.

Leyte recorded the biggest area harvested for palay at 35,985 Ha in the 4th quarter of 2020, comprising almost half or 49.4 percent of the total area harvested for palay in the region.  Samar came next with 19,172 Ha (26.3 percent) of area harvested for palay. Southern Leyte followed at 6,512 Ha (8.9 percent). 

The province of Northern Samar, meanwhile, had the least area harvested during the period with only 2,572 Ha accounting for 3.5 percent of the total area harvested for palay.

BILIRAN POSTS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE

Among the provinces, Biliran recorded the highest yield per hectare at 4.35 MT/Ha during the 4th quarter of 2020. This figure was 0.5 percent lower compared with the 4.37 MT yield per hectare recorded in the same quarter of 2019. Leyte followed at 4.13 MT yield per hectare, 2.0 percent higher than its 4.05 MT yield per hectare recorded in the 4th quarter of 2019. Southern Leyte ranked third with 4.11 MT yield per hectare, 1.2 percent higher compared with its figure in the same quarter of 2019.  Eastern Samar ranked fourth with 3.57 MT yield per hectare, from 3.48 MT yield per hectare recorded in the same quarter of 2019, an increase by 2.6 percent.

Northern Samar registered a 3.12 MT yield per hectare in the 4th quarter of 2020. This is a slight improvement from its level of 3.11 MT yield per hectare in the same quarter in 2019.

Samar posted the lowest yield per hectare at 2.86 MT/ha during the 4th quarter of 2020. This is slightly higher by 1.1 percent compared with the 2.83 MT/ha recorded in the same quarter of 2019.

LEYTE PRODUCES LARGEST VOLUME OF PALAY IN IRRIGATED FARMS

The Province of Leyte produced almost two-thirds (64.3%) of the total palay production in irrigated farms recorded at 104,601 MT during the 4th quarter of 2020. This figure is higher by 2.4 percent from 102,131 MT recorded in the same quarter of 2019.

Southern Leyte came next contributing 15.8 percent to the total irrigated palay production of the region. Its 25,637 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2020 is 0.7 percent lower than its 25,808 MT production in the same quarter in 2019.

Biliran supplied 10.9 percent of the total irrigated palay production in the 4th quarter of 2020 posted at 17,746 MT. This figure is 2.0 percent lower than  its 18,109 MT production in same quarter or 2019.

Meanwhile, Eastern Samar shared 4.7 percent only to the total irrigated palay production in the region, from 7,958 MT in the  4th quarter of 2019 to 7,710 MT in the same quarter of 2020.

Samar contributed 3.3 percent only to the total palay production in irrigated farms in the region at 5,370 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2020. This produce is 4.3 percent higher than its 5,151 MT level in the same quarter in 2019. Northern Samar had the least share to the total palay production in irrigated farms at 1.0 percent. Its 1,672 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2019 went up to 1,680 MT in the same quarter of 2020, a slight increase of 0.5 percent.

SAMAR POSTS THE HIGHEST INCREASE IN VOLUME OF PRODUCTION OF PALAY IN RAINFED FARMS 

Samar registered the biggest share in terms of palay production in rainfed areas at 45.2 percent. Its 47,404 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2019 rose to 49,489 MT in the same quarter of 2020, a 4.4 percent increase in production of rainfed palay.

Leyte’s 43,908 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2020 contributed 40.1 percent to the total production in rainfed farms. 

Northern Samar which shared 5.8 percent of the total palay production in rainfed areas in the 4th quarter of 2020, registered a slight drop of 0.2 percent in its 6,344 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 6,332 MT in the same quarter in 2020. While Southern Leyte, which contributed the least to the total palay production in rainfed areas at 1.0 percent only in the 4th quarter of 2020, recorded the biggest drop at 14.0 percent. Its 1,285 MT production in the 4th quarter of 2019 went down to 1,105 MT.

Volume of palay production in rainfed farms in the region increased by 1.8 percent, from 107,553 MT in the 4th quarter of 2019 to 109,438 MT in the 4th quarter of 2020.

 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director

 

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