Palay production in Eastern Visayas slightly declined by 1.0 percent from 954,844 metric tons (MT) in 2016 to 945,565 MT in 2017. It further declined compared to the 0.1 percent decrease recorded in 2016.
On the contrary, the total harvest area increased by 1.8 percent from 268,110 hectares in 2016 to 272,889 hectares in 2017. This is a rebound from to the 0.1 percent decrease recorded in 2016.
Yield for palay in the region dropped by 2.7 percent from 3.6 MT per hectare in 2016 to 3.5 MT per hectare in 2017.
PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN THE PROVINCE OF LEYTE
Leyte produced 481,487 MT of palay in 2017 which comprised a little over half (50.9 percent) of the total palay production in the region. It recorded the highest among provinces and registered an increase of 1.7 percent from its volume of production in 2016.
Samar ranked second with 151,192 MT, which accounted for 16.0 percent of the region’s total palay production during the period. It posted 1.3 percent increase in volume of production from 2016.
Northern Samar registered third highest palay producer in the region with 112,585 MT or 11.9 percent share to the total palay production in the region. The province recorded 1.3 percent increase in volume of production in 2017.
Southern Leyte contributed 8.0 percent with 75,336 MT palay production. Biliran shared 6.9 percent with 65,211 MT palay production. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, had the lowest volume of production (59,754 MT) accounting for only 6.3 percent.
EASTERN SAMAR REGISTERS THE HIGHEST EXPANSION IN PALAY AREA HARVESTED
Eastern Samar registered the highest expansion in palay area harvested (5.4 percent) from 21,430 hectares in 2016 to 22,587 hectares in 2017. Samar followed with a 3.2 percent increase in area harvested from 54,216 hectares in 2016 to 55,962 hectares in 2017. Similarly, Northern Samar registered an increase of 2.1 percent from 39,746 hectares in 2016 to 40,596 hectares in 2017, while Leyte posted a slight increase in palay area harvested (1.7 percent) from 116,488 hectares in 2016 to 118,416 hectares in 2017.
On the other hand, Biliran recorded the highest reduction in palay area harvested at 2.6 percent, from 14,769 hectares in 2016 to 14,383 hectares in 2017. Southern Leyte meanwhile, posted a decrease of 2.4 percent from 21,461 hectares in 2016 to 20,945 hectares in 2017.
Leyte, the top palay producing province in the region accounted for the largest percent of palay area harvested at 43.4 percent in 2017. Samar shared 20.5 percent, while Northern Samar accounted for 14.9 percent share to the total palay area harvested in the region. Eastern Samar shared 8.3 percent (22,587 hectares) and Southern Leyte accounted for 7.7 percent (20,945 hectares) in 2017.
The province of Biliran, meanwhile, contributed the least during the 2017 cropping year (14,383 hectares) accounting for only 5.3 percent.
BILIRAN RECORDS THE HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE
Biliran posted the highest yield per hectare among provinces at 4.53 MT per hectare in 2017. This figure is lower (1.4 percent) than the 4.60 MT per hectare recorded a year ago.
Leyte ranked second highest with sustained yield per hectare of 4.07 MT. Southern Leyte followed with a substantial decline (15.3 percent) at 3.60 MT per hectare in 2017 from 4.24 MT per hectare recorded in 2016.
Samar and Eastern Samar provinces both registered lower yield per hectare at 2.70 and 2.65 MT yield per hectare after registering declines of 1.9 percent and 8.4 percent, respectively, from their figures in 2016.
PALAY PRODUCTION BY ECOSYSTEM
Irrigated palay production in the region, which accounts for more than half (56.4 percent) of the region’s total palay production, declined by 1.8 percent, from 542,684 MT in 2016 to 532,995 MT in 2017.
Increases in the volume of palay produced in irrigated farms in Leyte (2.1 percent), and Northern Samar (0.2 percent), were not enough to offset the decreases recorded in Southern Leyte (-16.0 percent), Biliran (-3.8 percent), Eastern Samar (-2.9 percent) and Samar (-2.5 percent).
Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms with 346,354 MT. It contributed almost two thirds (65.0 percent) of the irrigated palay production in the region. Southern Leyte and Biliran followed with 13.2 percent and 12.2 percent share to the regional irrigated palay production, respectively.
Meanwhile, Northern Samar, had the lowest volume of production of palay in irrigated farms with 16,269 MT or 2.9 percent share to the total regional production.
In contrast, area harvested for irrigated palay in the region inched up by 0.1 percent, from 125,261 hectares in 2016 to 125,381 in 2017. Increases in area harvested were noted in the provinces of Leyte (0.9 percent) and Northern Samar (0.5 percent). Easter Samar, Southern Leyte and Samar all exhibited decreases of 0.1 percent, 0.9 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively. Biliran recorded the biggest decline of 2.2 percent.
Majority or 62.4 percent of the area harvested for irrigated palay were in the province of Leyte. Southern Leyte and Biliran shared 15.0 percent and 11.5 percent, respectively.
Northern Samar meanwhile, contributed the least, with only 4,472 hectares or 3.6 percent share to the total regional area harvested for irrigated palay.
On the other hand, rainfed palay production in the region, which accounts for 43.6 percent of the region’s total palay production, went up by 0.1 percent, from 412,160 MT in 2016 to 412,570 MT in 2017.
Decreases in the volume of production were recorded in the provinces of Biliran (-71.2), Southern Leyte (32.4 percent) and Eastern Samar (-3.7 percent). On the other hand, the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, and Leyte all recorded an increase of 1.7 percent, 1.5 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively.
Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in rainfed farms with 135,133 MT. It contributed almost one third or 32.8 percent of the rainfed palay production in the region. Samar closely followed with 134,399 MT or 32.6 percent share to the regional rainfed palay production.
Meanwhile, Biliran, had the lowest volume of production of palay in rainfed farms with only 51 MT or less than 0.1 percent share to the total regional production.
Correspondingly, area harvested for rainfed palay in the region increased by 3.3 percent, from 142,849 hectares in 2016 to 147,508 in 2017. Increases in area harvested were noted in all provinces except for Biliran and Southern Leyte, which exhibited decreases of 73.3 percent and 13.6 percent, respectively. Eastern Samar recorded the biggest increase of 7.1 percent.
More than one third or 34.9 percent of the area harvested for rainfed palay were in the province of Samar. Leyte and Northern Samar covered 27.3 percent and 24.5 percent, respectively. Biliran, meanwhile, still remains to have the least area harvested for rainfed palay with only 24 hectares accounting for less than 0.1 percent of the total area harvested in the region.