Palay Production Drops by 11.0 percent in the Third Quarter of 2019

Reference Number: 

202001-0800-01

Release Date: 

Monday, January 6, 2020

Palay production in Eastern Visayas dropped by 11.0 percent, from 117,792 metric tons (MT) in the 3rd Quarter of 2018 to 104,851 MT in 2019.

Similarly, the total area harvested for palay decreased to 29,696 Hectares (Ha) in the 3rd quarter of 2019 from 33,615 Ha recorded in the same quarter of previous year, a decline by 11.7 percent.
 
On the other hand, yield for palay in the region slightly increased by 0.8 percent, from 3.50 metric ton per hectare (MT/Ha) in the 3rd Quarter of 2018 to 3.53 MT/Ha in the same quarter of 2019 (Table 3).
 
VOLUME OF PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN LEYTE
 
The province of Leyte contributed the biggest share in palay production in Eastern Visayas at 35,292 MT during the 3rd quarter of 2019 (Table 1). It comprised one third or 33.7 percent of the total palay production in the region. Northern Samar ranked second with 24,540 MT, accounting for 23.4 percent of the region’s total palay production.
 
 
Samar followed with 23,430 MT production contributing 22.3 percent share to the total production. Biliran and Eastern Samar shared 8.3 percent (8,653 MT) and 6.3 percent (6,563 MT), respectively. Meanwhile, Southern Leyte had the least contribution at 6.1 percent (6,373 MT) of the total palay production in the region.
 
EASTERN SAMAR POSTS BIGGEST DROP IN AREA HARVESTED FOR PALAY
 
All provinces posted decreases in area harvested for palay. Eastern Samar registered the biggest drop by 43.6 percent during the 3rd quarter of 2019. Similarly, Leyte, Southern Leyte, Biliran and Northern Samar, posted decreases at 18.5 percent, 14.3 percent, 7.0 percent, and 2.3 percent, respectively. Samar recorded the lowest decrease in area harvested for palay by 0.6 percent.
 
 
Leyte recorded the biggest area harvested for palay at 8,440 Ha in the 3rd quarter of 2019, comprising 28.4 percent of the total area harvested for palay in the region. Samar came next with 8,070 Ha (27.2 percent) of area harvested for palay, while Northern Samar closely followed at 8,005 Ha (27.0 percent).
 
 
The province of Southern Leyte, meanwhile, had the least area harvested during the period with only 1,411 Ha accounting for 4.8 percent of the total area harvested for palay.
 
SOUTHERN LEYTE POSTS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE
 
Among the provinces, Southern Leyte recorded the highest yield per hectare at 4.52 MT/Ha during the 3rd quarter of 2019. This figure was lower by 3.5 percent compared with the 4.68 MT/Ha recorded in the same quarter of 2018. Biliran closely followed at 4.37 MT/Ha, 1.1 percent lower, from 4.52 MT/Ha registered in the same quarter of 2018. Leyte ranked third with 4.18 MT/Ha, which posted a contrasting trend with an increase by 6.3 percent from its figure in the same quarter of 2018.
 
 
Eastern Samar, although ranked fourth, posted the highest increase in yield per hectare by 11.0 percent at 3.67 MT/Ha during the 3rd quarter of 2019 from the 3.30 MT/Ha recorded in the same quarter of 2018.
 
Samar, meanwhile, posted the lowest yield per hectare during the 3rd quarter of 2019 at 2.90 MT/Ha. It registered a slight drop in productivity by 1.1 percent from the 2.94 MT/Ha recorded in the third quarter of 2018.
 
ONLY LEYTE PROVINCE REGISTERS INCREASE IN VOLUME OF PALAY PRODUCTION IN IRRIGATED FARMS
 
The province of Leyte posted an increase in volume of palay production in irrigated farms by 3.3 percent from 32,788 MT recorded in the 3rd quarter of 2018 to 33,869 MT in the same quarter of 2019. All other provinces in the region posted decreases in volume of palay production in irrigated farms.
 
 
Southern Leyte registered the biggest drop in production of palay in irrigated farms at 16.7 percent, from 7,612 MT in the 3rd Quarter of 2018 to 6,343 MT in the same quarter of 2019. Biliran likewise decreased by 10.1 percent at 8,653 MT from 9,624 MT in the same quarter of 2018. Northern Samar followed with 5.9 percent reduction, from 1,265 MT in the 3rd Quarter of 2018 to 1,190 MT in the same quarter of 2019.
 
Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms at 33,869 MT. It comprised more than half or 56.2 percent of the total volume of palay production in irrigated farms in the region.
 
Northern Samar, on the other hand, produced the lowest volume of palay in irrigated farms at 1,190 MT, which composed 2.0 percent of the total volume of irrigated palay produced during the 3rd Quarter of 2019.
 
NORTHERN SAMAR PRODUCES LARGEST VOLUME OF PALAY IN RAINFED FARMS
 
Northern Samar produced the largest volume of palay in rainfed farms at 23,350 MT during the 3rd Quarter of 2019. It accounted more than half or 52.3 percent of the total production of palay in rainfed areas in the region during the 3rd quarter of 2019. Samar and Leyte followed at 18,587 MT (41.6 percent) and 1,424 MT (3.2 percent), respectively.
 
 
Volume of palay production in rainfed farms in the region decreased by a hefty 20.5 percent, from 56,125 MT in the 3rd quarter of 2018 to 44,639 MT in the 3rd quarter of 2019.
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director
 
 

 

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