Palay Production Decreases by 10.0 Percent during the Second Quarter of 2019

Reference Number: 

201911-0800-40

Release Date: 

Friday, November 29, 2019

Palay production in Eastern Visayas dropped by 10.0 percent, from 258,486 Metric Tons (MT) in the  2nd Quarter of 2018 to  232,610 MT in 2019. 

Similarly, the total area harvested for palay decreased to 64,186 Hectares (Ha) in the 2nd quarter of 2019 from 69,289 Ha recorded in the same quarter of previous year, a decline by 7.4 percent.

Consequently, yield for palay in the region reduced by 2.9 percent, from  3.7 Metric Ton per Hectare (MT/Ha) in the 2nd Quarter of 2018 to 3.6 MT/Ha in the same quarter of 2019. 
 
VOLUME OF PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN LEYTE 
 
The province of Leyte contributed the biggest share in palay production in Eastern Visayas at 133,821 MT during the 2nd quarter of 2019. It comprised more than half (57.5 percent) of the total palay production in the region.  Southern Leyte ranked second with  34,212 MT, accounting for 14.7 percent of the region’s total palay production.  Samar followed with 22,705 MT production contributing 9.8 percent share to the total production. Biliran and Northern Samar shared 8.0 percent (18,586 MT) and 5.4 percent (12,560 MT), respectively. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar had the least contribution at 4.6 percent (10,726 MT) of the total palay production in the region.
 
 
BILIRAN SHOWS BIGGEST DROP IN AREA HARVESTED FOR PALAY 
 
All provinces except Eastern Samar posted decreases in area harvested for palay. Biliran registered the biggest drop at 10.2 percent during the 2nd quarter of 2019. Similarly, Samar, Leyte and Southern Leyte posted decreases at 9.7 percent, 7.7 percent, and 7.4 percent, respectively.  Northern Samar recorded the lowest decrease in area harvested for palay at  7.1 percent. Eastern Samar was the only province to have increased in area harvested for palay at 1.2 percent. 
 
 
Leyte recorded the biggest area harvested for palay at 34,272 Ha in the 2nd quarter of 2019, comprising more than half or 53.4 percent of the total area harvested for palay in the region.  Southern Leyte came next with 8,288 Ha  (12.9 percent) of area harvested for palay, while Samar closely followed at 7,250 Ha  (11.3 percent).  
 
 
The province of Biliran, meanwhile, contributed the least during the period at 4,275 Ha accounting for only 6.7 percent of the total palay area harvested. 
 
BILIRAN POSTS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE 
 
Among the provinces, Biliran recorded the highest yield per hectare at  4.4 MT/Ha during the  2nd quarter of 2019. This figure was lower by  4.6 percent compared with the 4.6 MT/Ha recorded in the same quarter of 2018. 
 
 
Southern Leyte closely followed at 4.1 MT/Ha,  0.9 percent lower, from  4.2 MT/Ha registered in the same quarter of 2018. Leyte ranked third with 3.9 MT/Ha, which was also slightly lower by 1.5 percent from its figure in the same quarter of 2018. 
 
Eastern Samar, meanwhile, posted the lowest yield per hectare during the  2nd quarter of 2019 at 2.0 MT/Ha. It registered the biggest drop in productivity by 13.2 percent from the 2.3 MT/Ha recorded in the same quarter of 2018.  
 
SAMAR PROVINCE REGISTERS INCREASE IN VOLUME OF PALAY PRODUCTION IN IRRIGATED FARMS 
 
Only the province of Samar posted an increase in volume of palay production in irrigated farms at  11.1 percent from 2,416 MT recorded in the 2nd quarter of 2018 to 2,385 MT in the same quarter of 2019.  All other provinces in the region posted decreases in volume of palay production in irrigated farms.   
 
 
Biliran registered the biggest drop in production of palay in irrigated farms at 14.3 percent, from 21,695 MT in the 2nd Quarter of 2018 to 18,586 MT in the same quarter of 2019.  Southern Leyte likewise decreased by 6.8 percent at 31,980 MT from 34,298 MT in the same quarter of 2018.  Eastern Samar closely followed with 6.2 percent reduction, from 3,488 MT in the 2nd Quarter of 2018 to 3,272 MT in the same quarter of 2019. 
 
Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms at 99,743 MT.  It comprised 63.4 percent of the total volume of palay production in irrigated farms in the region.  Northern Samar produced the least volume of palay in irrigated farms at  1,252 MT, which composed 0.8 percent of the total volume of irrigated palay produced during the 2nd Quarter of 2019. 
 
LEYTE PRODUCES LARGEST VOLUME OF PALAY IN RAINFED FARMS 
 
Leyte also produced the largest volume of palay in rainfed farms at 34,079 MT. It accounted 45.2 percent of the rainfed palay production in the region during the 2nd quarter of 2019. Samar and Northern Samar followed at 20,320 MT  (27.0 percent) and 11,308 MT (15.0 percent), respectively.  
 
 
Volume of palay production in rainfed farms in the region decreased by a hefty 19.8 percent, from 93,949 MT in the 2nd quarter of 2018 to 75,393 MT in the 2nd quarter of 2019.
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director 
 

 

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