Palay Production Declines by 0.9 Percent

Reference Number: 

SR-201903-0800-05

Release Date: 

Wednesday, March 6, 2019

Palay production in Eastern Visayas slightly decreased to 290,871 metric tons (MT) in the 4th quarter of 2018 from  293,419 MT in the 4th quarter of 2017, a decline by 0.9 percent.

Similarly, the total area harvested for palay decreased by 1.2 percent, from 78,949 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 78,017 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018.

Yield for palay in the region slightly increased by 0.3 percent, from 3.72 MT per hectare in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 3.73 MT per hectare in the same quarter of 2018.

VOLUME OF PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN LEYTE

Leyte produced 151,805 MT of palay in the 4th quarter of 2018, which comprised more than half (52.2 percent) of the total palay production in the region. It recorded the highest among the provinces. Samar ranked second with 48,290 MT, which accounted for 16.6 percent of the region’s total palay production during the reference period. Southern Leyte registered third highest palay producer in the region with 30,359 MT or 10.4 percent share to the total palay production in the region. Biliran contributed 7.7 percent with 22,471 MT palay production. Northern Samar shared 6.9 percent with 20,000 MT palay production. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, had the lowest volume of production (17,946 MT) accounting for only 6.2 percent.

All provinces registered decreases, except Southern Leyte and Leyte, which posted growths in production at 17.0 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively.

SAMAR REGISTERS HIGHEST EXPANSION IN AREA HARVESTED FOR PALAY

Samar registered the highest expansion in area harvested for palay to 17,307 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018 from 15,043 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017, an increase by 15.1 percent. Leyte, likewise, posted a minimal increase in area harvested for palay (2.5 percent) from 36,387 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 37,298 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018.

The rest of the provinces registered decreases in area harvested for palay with the province of Northern Samar recording the highest reduction of 36.7 percent, from 9,562 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 6,055 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018.

The top three palay producing provinces in the region accounted for the largest percent of palay area harvested. Leyte recorded almost half or 47.8 percent of the total palay area harvested during the quarter in review. Samar shared 22.2 percent, while Southern Leyte accounted for 9.4 percent share to the total area harvested for palay in the region.

The province of Eastern Samar, meanwhile, contributed the least during the period (4,931 hectares) accounting for only 6.0 percent.

BILIRAN RECORDS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE

Biliran posted the highest yield per hectare among provinces at 4.44 MT per hectare in the 4th quarter of 2018. However, this figure was lower (2.3 percent) than the 4.54 MT per hectare recorded in the same quarter of 2017. 

Southern Leyte ranked second highest with 4.12 MT per hectare. This was slightly higher by 0.4 percent from its figure in same quarter of 2017.  Leyte closely followed with a sustained 4.07 MT per hectare. 

Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest yield per hectare at 2.79 MT per hectare, despite registering an increase of 1.7 percent from its yield per hectare in the 4th quarter of 2017.

VOLUME OF IRRIGATED PALAY PRODUCTION AND AREA HARVESTED

Irrigated palay production in the region declined by 3.2 percent, from 175,616 MT in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 170,015 MT in the 4th quarter of 2018. It accounted for more than half (58.5 percent) of the region’s total palay production.

All provinces registered decreases, except Samar and Leyte, which posted increases of 13.3 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively. Northern Samar recorded the highest decrease of 85.0 percent, from 2,357 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 345 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018.

Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms at 105,275 MT. It contributed almost two thirds (61.9 percent) of the irrigated palay production in the region. Southern Leyte and Biliran followed with 16.6 percent and 13.2 percent share to the region’s total irrigated palay production, respectively. Meanwhile, Northern Samar had the lowest volume of production of palay in irrigated farms at 1,336 MT or 0.8 percent share to the region’s total irrigated palay production.

Area harvested for irrigated palay in the region went down by 3.2 percent, from 40,594 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 39,281 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2018. Decreases in area harvested were noted in all provinces, except for Samar and Leyte, which exhibited increases of 17.5 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively. Northern Samar recorded the biggest decline of 85.4 percent.

Majority or 60.9 percent of the area harvested for irrigated palay were in the province of Leyte. Southern Leyte and Biliran shared 16.9 percent and 12.9 percent, respectively. Northern Samar, on the other hand, contributed the least with only 345 hectares or 0.9 percent share to the region’s total area harvested for irrigated palay.

VOLUME OF RAINFED PALAY PRODUCTION AND AREA HARVESTED

The rainfed palay production in the region went up by 2.6 percent, from 117,803 MT in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 120,865 MT in the 4th quarter of 2018. It accounted almost half (41.5 percent) of the region’s total palay production.

Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in rainfed farms at 46,530 MT. It contributed almost one third or 38.5 percent of the rainfed palay production in the region. Samar closely followed at 43,510 MT or 36.0 percent share to the region’s total rainfed palay production in the 4th quarter of 2018.

Area harvested for rainfed palay in the region inched up by 1.0 percent, from 38,355 hectares in the 4th quarter of 2017 to 38,736 in the 4th quarter of 2018. Samar contributed largely to this increases posting a growth of 14.9 percent.

More than two fifths or 41.3 percent of the area harvested for rainfed palay were in the province of Samar. Leyte and Northern Samar covered 34.5 percent and 14.7 percent, respectively.

 

SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director

 

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