The region’s total trade in goods in May 2019 increased to $251.4 million from $177.4 million in the same period in 2018, an increase by 1.7 percent.
Total value of exports amounted to $234.4 million, this is more than three folds (266.5 percent) of the $64.0 million exports in May 2018. Total value of imports, meanwhile, was recorded at $16.9 million, a drastic drop of 85.1 percent compared with the $113.4 million imports posted in the same period in 2018.
Consequently, the region posted a $217.5 million surplus in the total Balance of Trade in Goods (BoT-G) in May 2019, in contrast to the $49.4 million trade deficit in the same period in 2018 (Table 1).
The region’s total volume of exports in May 2019 was posted at 133.8 million kilograms valued at $234.4 million.
The commodity group of copper and articles thereof was the major export during the month in review with total revenue of $95.0 million. This accounted for 40.5 percent of the region’s total export revenue in May 2019.
Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes commodity group shared 22.0 percent of the region’s total imports in May 2019 valued at $3.7 million. While nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof commodity group valued at
$1.8 million, comprised 10.5 percent of the total imports of the region (Table 4).
The top import supplier of the region in May 2019 was Vietnam with total import bill of $4.9 million, comprising 29.2 percent of the region’s total imports. People’s Republic of China ranked second with $3.1 million import bill or 18.4 percent of the total imports. Republic of Korea followed with total imports valued at $2.0 million, contributing 11.7 percent to the total regional imports (Table 5).
Export and Import Trade Statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from copies of export and import documents submitted to the Bureau of Customs (BOC) by exporters and importers or their authorized representatives as required by law. PSA collects copies of the following accomplished forms:
- Export Declaration (ED – DTI form)
- Import Entry & Internal Revenue Declaration (BOC IEIRD Form 236)
- Informal Import Declaration and Entry (BOC Form 177)
- Single Administrative Documents (SAD)
The output of the Automated Export Documentation System (AEDS) of the BOC is being utilized to generate export statistics. AEDS is a paperless transaction in lieu of the manual filling-up of export documents.
Moreover, an electronic copy of the IEIRD, or SAD, is utilized to capture the monthly import figures. SAD-IEIRD is an on-line submission of import documents either by brokers or companies. These are transactions that pass through the Automated Cargo Operating System (ACOS), now called the e2m (electronic to mobile) customs system, a system implemented through the BOC e-Customs Project.
All documents (hard copies and e-files) received before the cut-off date which is every 25th day of the month, are compiled, processed and generated in monthly statistical tables for the preparation of Press Release. All documents received after the cut-off date, however, are processed and included in the generation of the revised monthly statistical tables.
The digitized copies of all documents are provided by BOC and PEZA to PSA on a monthly basis through email.
The 2015 Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC) is used to classify the commodities at the most detailed 10-digit code level for statistical purposes.