Chicken Situation Report Fourth Quarter 2020 Preliminary

Reference Number: 

SR-202103-0800-09

Release Date: 

Friday, March 26, 2021

CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN EASTERN VISAYAS DROPS BY 7.9 PERCENT IN THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2020

The total volume of chicken production in Eastern Visayas declined by 7.9 percent during the fourth quarter of 2020. It went down to 15,360 Metric Tons (MT) in the fourth quarter of 2020 from 16,673 MT in the same quarter of 2019.

Eastern Visayas production accounted for 3.2 percent of the country’s total chicken production during the fourth quarter of 2020. It ranked ninth from the region with highest chicken production.

CHICKEN POPULATION IN EASTERN VISAYAS GROW BY 14.7 PERCENT

The chicken population in Eastern Visayas as of 01 January 2021 stood at 2,437,068 birds. This figure was higher by 14.7 percent compared with the 2,124,681 birds as of 01 January 2020.

All provinces contributed to the increase in chicken population except Eastern Samar which posted a decline of 8.9 percent.
 
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest chicken population at 838,911 birds as of 01 January 2021, which comprised more than one third (34.4 %) of the total chicken population in the region. Southern Leyte ranked second with 589,360 birds accounting for 24.2 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with 3.3 percent share or 79,505 birds (Figure 2).
 
Among the type of chicken, broiler chickens posted the highest growth of 68.6 percent, from the 251,348 birds as of 01 January 2020 to 423,778 birds as of 1 January 2021. This can be attributed to the triple increase (229.3%) in the broiler chicken population in Southern Leyte. Northern Samar and Biliran followed with 41.4 percent and 15.3 percent increases, respectively. Leyte posted the lowest increase at 0.8 percent. Samar registered 12,000 birds on 01 January 2021 from zero inventory due to scheduled downtime on 01 January 2020.
 
Layer chicken inventory stood at 615,422 birds on 01 January 2021. This posted a significant growth of 26.0 percent from 488,322 birds on 01 January 2020. The biggest contributor to this increase is Samar which doubled its inventory (99.6%)  from 94,429 birds on 01 January 2020 to 188,510 birds on 01 January 2021. This
accounted 30.6 percent of the region’s total layer chicken population. Southern Leyte followed with 29.1 percent increase. Biliran and Northern Samar posted a lower
increase at 7.8 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively. While Leyte (0.01%) and Eastern Samar had nil or no increase at all.
 
Meanwhile, native/improved chicken inventory recorded almost steady inventory (0.9%) from a total inventory of 1,385,011 birds as of 01 January 2020 to 1,397,868 birds as of 01 January 2021. The 13.3 percent increase in the inventory in Biliran was offset by the decreases in inventory of Eastern Samar (9.13) and Southern Leyte (6.23). Northern Samar (4.4%), Samar (2.9%) and Leyte (1.2%) managed to post slight increases in their inventories.
 
More than half or 57.4 percent of the total chicken population in the region were native/improved chickens. Layer chickens accounted for 25.3 percent, while the remaining 17.4 percent were broiler chickens (Table 2). 
 
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKEN REGISTERS AN INCREASE BY 4.0 PERCENT
 
The average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) during the fourth quarter of 2020 was PhP140.80 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 4.0 percent higher from the PhP135.42 per kilogram, liveweight, average price in the same quarter of 2019.
 
The highest farmgate price was recorded in October at PhP146.25 per kilogram, liveweight, while the lowest was quoted in December at PhP 137.73 per kilogram, liveweight. (Table 3).
 
 
 
 
TECHNICAL NOTES
 
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared to
serve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.
 
Concepts and Definitions
 
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This
is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
 
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
  • Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
  • Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of October 1.
 
Backyard farm refers to any farm or household that tends/raises livestock and/or poultry animals. Commercial farm refers to any broiler or layer farm which satisfies at least one of the following conditions:
  • Tending 500 layers or 1,000 broilers; or
  • Tending 100 layers and 100 broilers if raised in combination
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for their produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
 
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption.
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director

 

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