Chicken Situation Report Fourth Quarter 2019 Preliminary

Reference Number: 

SR-202004-0800-15

Release Date: 

Saturday, April 18, 2020

CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN EASTERN VISAYAS SURGE BY 6.9 PERCENT IN THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2019

The volume of chicken production in Eastern Visayas increased by 6.9 percent during the fourth quarter of 2019. It went up to 16,673 metric tons (MT) in the fourth quarter of 2019 from 15,602 MT in the same quarter of 2018.

Eastern Visayas production accounted for 3.2 percent of the country’s total chicken production during the fourth quarter of 2020. It ranked eighth among regions with highest chicken production.

CHICKEN POPULATION IN EASTERN VISAYAS DROPS BY 15.8 PERCENT

The chicken population in Eastern Visayas dropped by 15.8 percent, from 2,524,559 birds as of 1 January 2019 to 2,124,681 birds as of 1 January 2020.

All provinces contributed to the decline in chicken population except for Northern Samar and Southern Leyte which posted increases of 16.8 percent and 4.5 percent, respectively.

Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest chicken population at 831,095 birds as of 1 January 2020. It comprised more than one third (39.1 percent) of the total chicken population in the region. Southern Leyte ranked second with 438,709 birds, accounting for 20.6 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with a 4.1 percent share or 87,268 birds.

Among the type of chicken, only layer chickens posted an increase at 7.9 percent, from 452,613 birds as of 1 January 2019 to 488,322 birds as of 1 January 2020. Northern Samar recorded the highest increase at 67.1 percent, followed by Southern Leyte at 8.0 percent. Leyte posted the lowest increase at 2.0 percent. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar, Samar and Biliran declined by 41.9 percent, 19.2 percent and 12.3 percent, respectively.
 
Broiler chickens dropped tremendously by almost half (46.8 percent) of its inventory, from 472,666 birds as of 1 January 2019 to 251,348 birds as of 1 January 2020. This was largely attributed to the zero or no inventory of broiler chicken in Samar Province due to downtime period on 1 January 2020. Eastern Samar recorded the highest decrease at 91.7 percent. Likewise, Leyte’s broiler population, which shared 57.0 percent of the region’s total broiler population as of 1 January 2020, also declined by 5.6 percent. Southern Leyte’s broiler chicken population, on the other hand, expanded by 90.5 percent. It increased to 61,540 birds as of 1 January 2020 from 32,298 birds as of 1 January 2019.
 
The number of native/improved chickens also went down by 13.4 percent, from a total inventory of 1,599,280 birds as of 1 January 2019 to 1,385,011 birds as of 1 January 2020. All provinces contributed to the decline in the inventory of native/improved chicken in the region.
 
About 65.2 percent of the chicken population were native/improved chickens. Layer chickens accounted for 23.0 percent, while broiler chickens comprised 11.8 percent.
 
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKENS PLUNGES BY 8.8 PERCENT
 
The average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) during the fourth quarter of 2019 was posted at Php135.39 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 8.8 percent lower from the Php148.36 per kilogram, liveweight, average price in the same quarter of 2018.
 
The highest farmgate price was recorded in October at Php141.27 per kilogram, liveweight.
 
 
 
TECHNICAL NOTES
 
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared toserve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.
 
Concepts and Definitions
 
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
 
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
  • Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
  • Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of October 1.
Backyard Farm refers to any farm or household whether farming or non-farming raising at least one bird of animals and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
 
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for the produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
 
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption.
 
Fowl - a term used to refer to a specific group of avian sharing common anatomical characteristics, e.g., chicken, duck.
 
Downtime Period – refers to appropriate cleaning and disinfection measures between flocks placements helps to reduce transmission of disease between flocks and allows time to prepare for the next flocks.
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director
 
 

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