Monday, June 20, 2022
CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN EASTERN VISAYAS DECREASES BY -10.59 PERCENT IN THE 1ST QUARTER OF 2022
The total volume of chicken production in Eastern Visayas went down by -10.59 percent in the first quarter of 2022. The total liveweight production of chicken recorded at 14,587 metric tons (MT) in the first quarter of 2021 decreased to 13,042 MT in the first quarter of 2022 (Figure 1).
Eastern Visayas' chicken production during the first quarter of 2022 accounted for 2.87 percent of the country’s total chicken production of the same quarter. It ranked ninth among the regions with low chicken production in the country (Table 1).
CHICKEN POPULATION IN EASTERN VISAYAS DECLINES BY -9.60 PERCENT
The chicken population in Eastern Visayas as of 01 January 2022 declined by -9.60 percent from 2,437.1 thousand birds as of 01 January 2021 to 2,203.1 thousand birds as of 01 January 2022. This was attributed to the substantial declines in chicken population in Southern Leyte (-43.05%), Leyte (-12.71%) and Biliran (-12.47%) (Table 2).
Among provinces, Leyte comprised the bulk or 33.24 percent of chicken population in the region recorded at 732.3 thousand birds as of 01 January 2022. This was followed by Samar with a share of 21.75 percent or 479.2 thousand birds and Northern Samar with 363.4 thousand birds or 16.50 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with 5.57 percent share (122.8 thousand birds).
In terms of chicken type, layer chicken registered the highest decline in inventory by -15.01 percent with 523.0 thousand birds as of 01 January 2022 compared with the 615.4 thousand birds as of 01 January 2021. All provinces registered decreases in layer chicken population except Eastern Samar which increase threefold (222.86%) from 2.9 thousand birds in the first quarter of 2021 to 9.4 thousand birds in same quarter of 2022. Northern Samar also posted an increase of 11.22 percent (149.8 thousand birds). Chicken inventory in Biliran plunged by -91.95 percent from 13.6 thousand birds in the first quarter of 2021 to 1.1 thousand birds in same quarter of 2022. A drastic drop was also noted in Southern Leyte by -44.80 percent (66.3 thousand birds), Samar by -24.87 percent (141.6 thousand birds) and Leyte by -0.53 percent (154.9 thousand birds).
Broiler chickens also declined by -11.30 percent from 423.8 thousand birds as of 01 January 2021 to 375.9 thousand birds on 01 January 2022. The decrease of broiler chicken population in Southern Leyte and the scheduled downtime in Eastern Samar contributed to the downtrend in the region’s total broiler population. Southern Leyte broiler chicken inventory fell by -58.73 percent from 202.6 thousand birds in the first quarter of 2021 to 83.6 thousand birds in same quarter of 2022. On the other hand, Samar’s broiler chicken inventory soared fivefold (430.65%) to12.0 thousand birds in the first quarter of 2021 to 63.7 thousand birds in same quarter of 2022.
Native/improved chicken also noted a decline in inventory by -6.71 percent from a total inventory of 1,397.9 thousand birds as of 01 January 2021 to 1,304.1 thousand birds as of 01 January 2022. The decreases in native/improved chicken population were noted in Southern Leyte by -30.35 percent (185.7 thousand birds), Leyte by -19.05 percent (436.1 thousand birds) and Biliran by -5.53 percent (166.6 thousand birds). In Contrast, Northern Samar posted a double digit increase at 53.47 percent from 88.4 thousand birds in the first quarter of 2021 to 135.7 thousand birds in same quarter of 2022.
In terms of share to total chicken, the bulk of the total chicken population in the region were native/improved chickens shared 59.20 percent. Layer chickens accounted for 23.74 percent, while the remaining 17.06 percent were broiler chickens (Table 2).
EASTERN VISAYAS POSTS 41.9 PERCENT INCREASE IN THE AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKEN
In the first quarter of 2022, the average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) was recorded at ₱220.09 per kilogram, liveweight, which registered an increase of 41.9 percent compared with the average farmgate price of ₱155.14 per kilogram, liveweight, in the same quarter of 2021.
The highest farmgate price was noted in January 2022 at ₱269.16 per kilogram, liveweight, while the lowest was in March 2022 at ₱191.83 per kilogram, liveweight (Table 3).
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in July, May, August and November every year.
Concepts and Definitions
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for July to March the beginning inventory is as of July 1.
Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for July to March, the remaining inventory is as of October 1.
Backyard farm refers to any farm or household that tends/raises livestock and/or poultry animals.
Commercial farm refers to any broiler or layer farm which satisfies at least one of the following conditions:
•Tending 500 layers or 1,000 broilers; or
•Tending 100 layers and 100 broilers if raised in combination
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for their produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption.
Sgd. WILMA A. PERANTE