The chicken industry in Eastern Visayas surged as it posted a 15.0 percent increase in production during the first quarter of 2019. Based on the preliminary data, the total chicken production in the region went up to 13,829 metric tons (MT) in the first quarter of 2019 from 12,021 MT in the same quarter of 2018.
Eastern Visayas ranked seventh among the regions with low chicken production in the country. It accounted for 3.0 percent of the country’s total chicken production during the first quarter of 2019.
CHICKEN POPULATION DECLINES BY 4.2 PERCENT
The chicken population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 April 2019 stood at 3,102,365 birds. This figure was lower by 4.2 percent compared with the
3,239,823 birds as of 1 April 2018.
All provinces contributed to the decline in chicken population except for Biliran and Northern Samar, which posted increases of 4.7 percent and 0.8 percent, respectively.
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest chicken population at 1,603,906 birds, which comprised more than half (51.7 percent) of the total chicken population in the region. Samar ranked second with 587,579 birds accounting for 18.9 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with 2.6 percent share or 80,754 birds.
Among the type of chicken, layer chickens posted the highest growth of 17.2 percent, from the 439,892 inventory as of 1 April 2018 to 515,432 inventory as of 1 April 2019. All provinces registered increases in layer chicken population except Leyte, which exhibited a decline of 4.0 percent. Northern Samar posted the highest increase at 65.2 percent, followed by Southern Leyte at 22.2 percent. Samar and Biliran also posted increases in chicken inventory at 10.2 percent and 8.8 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar retained its inventory as 1 April 2018 at 5,000 chickens.
Broiler chickens increased by 6.4 percent from 686,663 birds as of 1 April 2018 to 730,865 birds on 1 April 2019. All provinces registered increases with Eastern Samar recording the highest increase of 200.0 percent, from 500 birds as of 1 April 2018 to 1,500 birds as of 1 April 2019. Northern Samar registered the growth at 0.5 percent increase.
On the contrary, the number of native/improved chickens went down by 12.2 percent, from a total inventory of 2,113,268 birds as of 1 April 2018 to 1,856,068 birds on 1 April 2019. All provinces contributed to the decline except for Biliran, which recorded an increase of 3.7 percent in inventory.
More than half (59.8 percent) of the chicken population were native/improved. Broiler chickens accounted for 23.6 percent, while layer chicken contributed 16.6 percent.
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKENS INCREASES BY 13.2 PERCENT
The average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) during the first quarter of 2019 was Php138.23 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 13.2 percent higher from the Php122.10 per kilogram, liveweight, average price in the same quarter of 2018
The highest farmgate price was recorded in February at Php151.13 per kilogram, liveweight.
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.
Concepts and Definitions
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
- Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
- Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of April 1.
Backyard Farm refers to any farm or household whether farming or non-farming raising at least one bird of animals and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for the produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost
(if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption.
Fowl - a term used to refer to a specific group of avian sharing common anatomical characteristics, e.g., chicken, duck.