The volume of chicken production in Eastern Visayas increased by 32.4 percent during the second quarter of 2019. It went up to 17,335 metric tons (MT) in the second quarter of 2019 from 13,097 MT in the same quarter of 2018.
Eastern Visayas accounted for 3.6 percent of the country’s total chicken production during the second quarter of 2019. It ranked eighth among regions with highest chicken production.
CHICKEN POPULATION DECLINES BY 4.6 PERCENT
The chicken population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 July 2019 stood at 3,140,048 birds. This figure was lower by 4.6 percent compared with the 3,291,860 birds as of 1 July 2018.
All provinces contributed to the decline in chicken population except for Northern Samar and Biliran, which posted increases by 3.8 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively.
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest chicken population at 1,808,531 birds, which comprised more than half (57.6 percent) of the total chicken population in the region. Samar ranked second with 433,040 birds accounting for 13.8 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with 2.9 percent share or 90,070 birds.
Among the type of chicken, layer chickens posted the highest growth of 14.3 percent, from the 428,206 birds as of 1 July 2018 to 489,607 birds as of 1 July 2019. All provinces registered increases in layer chicken population except Biliran and Samar, which exhibited a decline by 8.6 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively. Northern Samar posted the highest increase at 50.8 percent, followed by Southern Leyte at 32.4 percent. Leyte posted the lowest increase at 1.8 percent. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar retained its inventory as of 1 July 2018 at 5,000 layer chickens.
Broiler chickens increased by 1.3 percent from 1,207,163 birds as of 1 July 2018 to 1,222,454 birds on 1 July 2019. More than seven folds increase (624.7%) was recorded in Biliran Province from 1,800 chicken population as of July 1 2018 to 13,045 on July 1, 2019. Increases were also observed in the provinces of Leyte and Northern Samar at 7.0 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively. On the other hand, decreases in the broiler population were recorded in the provinces of Southern Leyte, Samar and Eastern Samar at 48.3 percent, 9.0 percent and 7.0 percent, respectively. Southern Leyte, meanwhile, recorded the highest decrease in the inventory of broiler chickens by 48.3 percent.
On the contrary, the number of native/improved chickens went down by 13.8 percent, from a total inventory of 1,656,491 birds as of 1 July 2018 to 1,427,987 birds on 1 July 2019. All provinces contributed to the decline in the inventory of native/improved chicken in the region.
About 45.5 percent of the chicken population were native/improved. Broiler chickens accounted for 38.9 percent, while layer chickens contributed15.6 percent.
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKENS INCREASES BY 5.6 PERCENT
The average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) during the second quarter of 2019 was Php140.16 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 5.6 percent higher from the Php132.79 per kilogram, liveweight, average price in the same quarter of 2018.
The highest farmgate price was recorded in May at Php142.86 per kilogram, liveweight.
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.
Concepts and Definitions
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
- Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
- Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of July 1.
Backyard Farm refers to any farm or household whether farming or non-farming raising at least one bird of animals and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for the produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption.
Fowl - a term used to refer to a specific group of avian sharing common anatomical characteristics, e.g., chicken, duck.