Chicken Production in Eastern Visayas up by 1.4 Percent in the Third Quarter of 2019 (Preliminary)

Reference Number: 

SR-202001-0800-05

Release Date: 

Friday, January 17, 2020
The volume of chicken production in Eastern Visayas increased by 1.4 percent during the third quarter of 2019. It went up to 14,485 metric tons (MT) in the third quarter of 2019 from 14,280 MT in the same quarter of 2018.
 
 
Eastern Visayas production accounted for 3.1 percent of the country’s total chicken production during the third quarter of 2019. It ranked seventh among regions with lowest chicken production.
 
CHICKEN POPULATION DROPS BY 9.4 PERCENT
 
The chicken population in Eastern Visayas as of 1 October 2019 stood at 2,960,007 birds. This figure was lower by 9.4 percent compared with the 3,268,844 birds as of 1 October 2018.
 
 
All provinces contributed to the decline in chicken population except for Northern Samar, which posted an increase of 8.4 percent.
 
Among provinces, Leyte recorded the highest chicken population at 1,615,887 birds as of 1 October 2019, which comprised more than half (54.6 percent) of the total chicken population in the region. Southern Leyte ranked second with 407,475 birds accounting for 13.4 percent of the region’s total chicken inventory. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, registered the lowest inventory of chicken with 3.2 percent share or 93,527 birds.
 
Among the type of chicken, layer chickens posted the highest growth of 17.1 percent, from the 464,849 birds as of 1 October 2018 to 544,413 birds as of 1 October 2019.
 
Northern Samar, Leyte and Southern Leyte registered increases in layer chicken population with Northern Samar recorded the highest increase at 37.1 percent, followed by Leyte at 33.1 percent. Southern Leyte posted the lowest increase at 1.4 percent. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar, Biliran and Samar declined by 41.9 percent, 15.6 and 0.5 percent, respectively.
 
Broiler chickens declined by 11.3 percent from 1,068,950 birds as of 1 October 2018 to 948,459 birds on 1 October 2019. All provinces except Eastern Samar and Southern Leyte contributed to the decline. Leyte’s broiler population, which shared 84.7 percent of the region’s total broiler population, dropped by 5.8 percent. Decreases in Biliran, Samar and Northern Samar were posted at 67.8 percent, 54.9 percent and 14.3 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, Eastern Samar’s broiler population recorded more than four folds increase from 1,000 chicken population as of 1 October 2018 to 5,305 on October 1, 2019. Southern Leyte’s chicken population also leap from 13,780 birds as of 1 October 2018 to 35,198 birds as of October 2019.
 
The number of native/improved chickens also went down by 15.4 percent, from a total inventory of 1,735,045 birds as of 1 October 2018 to 1,467,135 birds as of 1 October 2019. All provinces contributed to the decline in the inventory of native/improved chicken in the region.
 
About 49.6 percent of the chicken population were native/improved chicken. Broiler chickens accounted for 32.0 percent, while layer chickens accounted 18.4 percent.
 
AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE OF NATIVE/IMPROVED CHICKENS RECORDS A SLIGHT INCREASE BY 1.8 PERCENT
 
The average farmgate price of native/improved chicken (backyard) during the third quarter of 2019 was Php135.50 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 1.8 percent higher from the Php133.09 per kilogram, liveweight, average price in the same quarter of 2018.
 
The highest farmgate price was recorded in August at Php136.53 per kilogram, liveweight.
 
 
 
 
TECHNICAL NOTES
 
This Chicken Situation Report presents the chicken industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by type, and average farmgate price. This report is prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.
 
Concepts and Definitions
 
Volume of Production refers to the locally raised chicken disposed for dressing including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for dressing. This
is expressed in metric tons, liveweight.
 
Inventory refers to the actual number of chicken in birds present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
 
  • Beginning Inventory is the number of animals present in the farm as of the beginning of the reference period i.e for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.

  • Ending Inventory is the number of remaining stocks present in the farm as of the ending of the reference period i.e for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of October 1.

 
Backyard Farm refers to any farm or household whether farming or non-farming raising at least one bird of animals and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
 
Farmgate price refers to the price received by poultry raisers for the produce at the location of farm. Thus, marketing costs such as transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farm gate prices.
 
Poultry a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human
consumption.
 
Fowl - a term used to refer to a specific group of avian sharing common anatomical characteristics, e.g., chicken, duck.
 
 
SGD. WILMA A. PERANTE
Regional Director
 
 

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